Animals of South America
The bushmaster is the largest of the pit vipers and the largest venomous snake in South America. The bushmaster is considered dangerous, with potentially lethal venom. They have pits located between the eyes and nostrils that are used to “sense” the body heat of prey. They swallow their prey head-first, but the snake will also bite and release larger or more dangerous prey.
The bushmaster can spend weeks at a time coiled up waiting for prey to walk past it. This is called a lie and wait predator. This snake can survive on fewer than 10 large meals per year.
The bushmaster is the only pit viper in the Americas to lay eggs. Other pit vipers bear live young.
NOT LISTED UNDER IUCN RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES
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