Bactrian Camel

Camelus bactrianus

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Unlike Dromedary (one-humped) camels, Bactrian camels have two humps. Contrary to popular belief, however, these humps are not filled with water. In fact, they are actually stored fat, which the camel can metabolize for energy after long periods without food. Nonetheless, camels can drink up to 30 gallons of water at a time, considering months may pass by before they may have another chance to drink water.  

During cold winter months, Bactrian camels keep warm with their thick, shaggy coat. Once spring arrives, however, they will shed their coat to keep cool. Also, to protect against the blowing sand, these camels have bushy eyebrows, a double row of eyelashes, and the ability to pinch their nostrils shut.

Traveling in caravans of about 6 to 20 individuals, Bactrian camel groups are led by a single male followed by females and their young.


Prefers grasses, leaves and shrubs, but may also eat thorns and dry vegetation when food is scarce
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